Hydrocarbon Potential of Southern Alberta: Woodbend, Winterburn and Wabamun
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HYDROCARBON POTENTIAL OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA: WOODBEND, WINTERBURN AND WABAMUN

Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

LIST OF FIGURES

ENCLOSURES

1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

2 GENERAL INTRODUCTION AND DATABASE

2.1 Introduction
2.2 Well Information
2.3 Seismic Database
2.4 Gravity and Magnetic Data
2.4.1 Gravity Data
2.4.2 Magnetic Data
2.5 Geochemical Database
2.6 Hydrodynamic Database
2.6.1 Fluid Recovery Data
2.6.2 Pressure Data
2.6.3 Water Chemistry Data
2.6.4 Production Data

3 INTERPRETATION METHODOLOGY 7

3.1 Introduction
3.2 Geology
3.3 Seismic Interpretation
3.3.1 Methodology
3.3.2 Seismic Character and Correlati
3.4 Gravity and Magnetic Interpretation
3.5 Geochemistry
3.6 Hydrodynamics
3.6.1 Pressure/Elevation Plots and Head Maps
3.6.2 Water Salinity
3.6.3 Hydrodynamic Flow Analysis

4 EXPLORATION AND PRODUCTION HISTORY

4.1 Introduction
4.2 Early History
4.3 Modern History
4.4 Current Activity
4.5 Production

5 STRUCTURAL FRAMEWORK

5.1 Introduction
5.2 Regional Setting and Basin Evolution
5.2.1 Introduction
5.2.2 Regional Setting
5.2.3 Basin Evolution
5.3 Gravity and Magnetic Interpretation
5.3.1 Introduction
5.3.2 Interpretation
5.3.3 Summary
5.4 Structural Framework
5.4.1 Introduction
5.4.2 Basement Structure
5.4.3 Upper Devonian Structure
5.4.4 Post-Devonian Structuring
5.4.5 Seismic Expression of Structural Style

6 STRATIGRAPHY

6.1 Introduction
6.2 Woodbend Group
6.2.1 Cooking Lake
6.2.2 Leduc
6.2.3 Ireton
6.3 Winterburn Group
6.3.1 Nisku
6.3.2 Calmar
6.4 Wabamun Group
6.4.1 Stettler
6.4.2 Big Valley
6.5 Summary

7 PETROLEUM GEOLOGY

7.1 Introduction
7.2 Oil and Gas Occurrences
7.2.1 Gas
7.2.2 Oil and Solid Hydrocarbon Residues
7.3 Source Rocks - Type, Quality and Maturity
7.3.1 Regional Review of Pre-Pennsylvanian Source Rocks
7.3.2 Lower Palaeozoic Source Rocks
7.3.3 Upper Devonian/Lower Carboniferous Source Rocks
7.3.4 Regional Measured Maturity Trends
7.3.5 Maturity Modelling
7.3.6 Present Day and Palaeo-Maturity Maps
7.4 Reservoirs and Seals
7.4.1 Introduction
7.4.2 Woodbend Group
7.4.3 Winterburn Group
7.4.4 Wabamun Group
7.4.5 Diagenesis
7.4.6 Summary
7.5 Hydrodynamics
7.5.1 Introduction
7.5.2 Woodbend Group Aquifer
7.5.3 Winterburn Group Aquifer
7.5.4 Wabamun Group Aquifer
7.6 Migration 135
7.6.1 Primary Migration - Expulsion and Drainage
7.6.2 Secondary Migration
7.6.3 Volumetrics and Migration Efficiencies
7.7 Trapping Mechanisms
7.7.1 Introduction
7.7.2 Foothills
7.7.3 Plains

8 HYDROCARBON POTENTIAL
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Woodbend Group Play Concepts
8.3 Winterburn Group Play Concepts
8.4 Wabamun Group Play Concepts
8.5 Summary

9 BIBLIOGRAPHY AND REFERENCES

APPENDICES
A WELL SUMMARY SHEETS

B GEOCHEMISTRY

B-I : Geochemistry
B-II: Maturity Modelling

C HYDRODYNAMICS

C-I Screening DST Pressure Data
C-II Geofluids Water Analyses Screening Procedure
C-III Calculation and Representation of the Force for the Flow of Water and Oil in Variable Salinity Systems
C-IV Pressure and Water Chemistry Data Tables

HYDROCARBON POTENTIAL OF THE WOODBEND, WINTERBURN AND WABAMUN GROUPS OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA

LIST OF FIGURES

2.1 Study Area
2.2 Well and Seismic Database
2.3 Summary of Stratigraphy, Lithology and Symbols Used for Wells
2.4 Geochemical Database

3.1 Synthetic Seismogram Well Location Map
3.2 Synthetic Seismogram - Well 01-31-18-28W3
3.3 Synthetic Seismogram - Well 11-25-24-02W4
3.4 Synthetic Seismogram - Well 04-13-06-03W4
3.5 Synthetic Seismogram - Well 12-19-14-04W4
3.6 Synthetic Seismogram - Well 08-17-20-04W4
3.7 Synthetic Seismogram - Well 08-08-20-09W4
3.8 Synthetic Seismogram - Well 07-26-03-14W4
3.9 Synthetic Seismogram - Well 06-15-07-15W4
3.10 Synthetic Seismogram - Well 08-24-25-15W4
3.11 Synthetic Seismogram - Well 16-09-15-16W4
3.12 Synthetic Seismogram - Well 07-12-26-20W4
3.13 Synthetic Seismogram - Well 16-35-01-22W4
3.14 Synthetic Seismogram - Well 05-18-07-23W4
3.15 Synthetic Seismogram - Well 10-11-20-24W4
3.16 Synthetic Seismogram - Well 13-21-26-25W4
3.17 Synthetic Seismogram - Well 04-12-15-27W4
3.18 Synthetic Seismogram - Well 14-05-15-29W4
3.19 Synthetic Seismogram - Well 05-29-18-03W5
3.20 Synthetic Seismogram - Well 08-13-27-03W5
3.21 Synthetic Seismogram - Well 07-35-08-04W5
3.22 Synthetic Seismogram Correlation
3.23 Seismic Character - Wabamun Group
3.24 Seismic Character - Leduc and Nisku
3.25 Seismic Character - Faulting
3.26 Seismic Character - Cooking Lake
3.27 Interval Velocity vs Depth from Top Devonian
3.28 Kerogen Type from Rock Eval Hydrogen Index (HI) versus T-max
3.29 Interpretation of Kerogen Type from Rock Eval S-2 Yield versus TOC
3.30 Maturity Modelling in Thrust Terranes
3.31 Expulsion Efficiency as a Function of Source Rock Richness and Thickness

4.1 Exploration History
4.2 Wabamun Group Land Map
4.3 Woodbend - Winterburn Group Land Map

5.1 Summary of Regional Structural Features
5.2 Palaeo Structural Elements
5.3 Tectonic Evolution Summary
5.4 Regional Bouguer Gravity
5.5 Regional Magnetic Anomaly
5.6 Bouguer Gravity
5.7 Residual Bouguer
5.8 Magnetic Anomaly
5.9 Residual Magnetic Anomaly
5.10 Surface Geology and Structural Elements
5.11 Regional Structural Cross Section
5.12 Structural Cross Sections - 1 and 2
5.13 Structural Cross Sections - 3 and 4
5.14 Top Wabamun Depth Map
5.15 Top Nisku Depth Map
5.16 Top Leduc Depth Map
5.17 Top Beaverhill Unit Depth Map
5.18 Cross-section and Geoseismic Section Location Map
5.19 Geoseismic Section 1
5.20 Geoseismic Section 2
5.21 Geoseismic Section 3
5.22 Geoseismic Section 4
5.23 Geoseismic Section 5
5.24 Geoseismic Section 6
5.25 Fault Architecture Map
5.26 Tectonic Domain Map
5.27 Geoseismic Section 7
5.28 Geoseismic Section 8
5.29 Geoseismic Section 9
5.30 Geoseismic Section 10
5.31 Seismically Defined Areas of Salt Dissolution
5.32 Geoseismic Section 11
5.33 Geoseismic Section 12
5.34 Geoseismic Section 13
5.35 Geoseismic Section 14
5.36 Geoseismic Section 15
5.37 Geoseismic Section 16
5.38 Geoseismic Section 17
5.39 Geoseismic Section 18
5.40 Geoseismic Section 19
5.41 Devonian Depth Map - Waterton - Coleman Area
5.42 Surface Structure and Structure Fractal Map - Waterton - Coleman Area

6.1 Summary of Stratigraphic Nomenclature
6.2 Biostratigraphic Summary
6.3 Lithostratigraphic Correlation
6.4 Well Correlation A-A
6.5 Well Correlation B-B
6.6 Well Correlation C-C
6.7 Cooking Lake Isopach
6.8 Leduc Isopach
6.9 Ireton Isopach
6.10 Nisku Core Photographs
6.11 Nisku Isopach
6.12 Nisku Core Photographs
6.13 Nisku Core Photographs
6.14 Stettler Isopach
6.15 Crossfield Member - Moose Area

7.1 Oil and Gas Occurrences
7.2 Oil Density Distribution - Hays-Enchant
7.3 Gas/Oil Ratio Distribution - Hays-Enchant
7.4 Total Organic Carbon in the Cambrian to Beaverhill Lake
7.5 Total Organic Carbon vs Pyrolysis S-2 Yield
7.6 Organo-facies and Hydrocarbon Yields of the Dawson Bay Source Rocks
7.7 Stratigraphic Distribution of Source Rocks
7.8 Total Organic Carbon in the Upper Devonian
7.9 Total Organic Carbon in the Exshaw
7.10 Total Organic Carbon vs Pyrolysis S-2 Yield - Exshaw
7.11 Rock Eval Tmax vs HI - Exshaw
7.12 Rock Eval T-max Depth Trends
7.13 Surface Heat Flow as a Function of Basement Age
7.14 Temperature Depth Trends for Selected Southern Alberta Wells
7.15 Geothermal Gradient Depth Trends for Selected Southern Alberta Wells
7.16 Present Day Heat Flow
7.17 Calibration and Burial History Model for Foothills Well 15-33-07-03W5
7.18 Temperature and Maturity Calibration for Foothills Well 05-29-18-03W5
7.19 Hydrothermal Model for Calibration of Temperature and Maturity Data
7.20 Calibration and Burial History Model for Plains Well 06-36-19-01W4
7.21 Post-Laramide Regional Uplift Based on Temperature and Maturity Data
7.22 Present Day Regional Maturity of the Dawson Bay
7.23 Generation and Maturity of the Dawson Bay in the Hays-Enchant Area
7.24 Present Day Regional Maturity at Base Exshaw
7.25 Present Day Regional Maturity at Base Ireton
7.26 Present Day Regional Maturity at Base Cooking Lake
7.27 Pre-uplift Regional Maturity at Base Cooking Lake
7.28 Stratigraphic Distribution of Reservoirs and Seals
7.29 Cooking Lake Density/Neutron Crossplot
7.30 Cooking Lake Reservoir 16-35-01-22W4
7.31 Reservoir Potential - Leduc
7.32 Leduc Type Well - 03-32-15-05W4
7.33 Stettler/Leduc Salt - 16-24-25-13W4
7.34 Reservoir Correlation - Leduc
7.35 Leduc Density/Neutron Crossplot
7.36 Leduc Reservoir - Well 08-36-12-15W4
7.37 Leduc Reservoir - Well 16-09-15-16W4
7.38 Leduc Reservoir - Well 10-25-03-27W3
7.39 Leduc Reservoir - Well 16-35-02-05W4
7.40 Leduc Reservoir - Well 08-13-27-03W5
7.41 Leduc Reservoir Porosity/Permeability Crossplot
7.42 Leduc Reservoir Porosity/Depth Crossplot
7.43 Leduc Reservoir Permeability/Depth Crossplot
7.44 Leduc Reservoir Log Porosity/Resistivity Crossplot
7.45 Reservoir Correlation - Nisku
7.46 Reservoir Potential - Nisku
7.47 Nisku Density/Neutron Crossplot
7.48 Nisku Reservoir - Well 16-11-20-12W4
7.49 Nisku Reservoir - Well 16-09-15-16W4
7.50 Nisku Reservoir - Well 10-04-01-09W4
7.51 Nisku Reservoir - Well 08-36-12-15W4
7.52 Nisku Reservoir - Well 16-35-01-22W4
7.53 Nisku Reservoir - Well 10-36-16-08W4
7.54 Nisku Reservoir - Well 14-22-14-16W4
7.55 Nisku Core versus Log Porosity
7.56 Nisku Core Porosity/Sonic Crossplot
7.57 Nisku Core Grain Density Histogram
7.58 Nisku Core Porosity/Density Crossplot
7.59 Nisku Porosity/Permeability Crossplot
7.60 Nisku Porosity/Depth Crossplot
7.61 Nisku Permeability/Depth Crossplot
7.62 Wabamun Carbonate Reservoir - Well 10-32-22-06W5
7.63 Wabamun Carbonate Porosity/Permeability Crossplot
7.64 Wabamun Carbonate Porosity/Depth Crossplot
7.65 Wabamun Carbonate Permeability/Depth Crossplot
7.66 Wabamun Carbonate Core Grain Density Histogram
7.67 Reservoir Potential-Crossfield
7.68 Reservoir Correlation - Crossfield
7.69 Crossfield Reservoir - Well 08-13-27-03W5
7.70 Crossfield Reservoir - Well 11-18-24-28W4
7.71 Crossfield Density/Neutron Crossplot
7.72 Crossfield Reservoir Porosity/Permeability Crossplot
7.73 Crossfield Reservoir Porosity/Depth Crossplot
7.74 Crossfield Reservoir Permeability/Depth Crossplot
7.75 Crossfield Reservoir Core versus Log Porosity - Well 08-13-27-03W5
7.76 Reservoir Potential - Big Valley
7.77 Big Valley - Type Well 01-02-06-26W4
7.78 Oxygen Isotopes - Leduc Field
7.79 Strontium Isotope - Leduc Reefs
7.80 Woodbend Group Pressure/Elevation Plot
7.81 Woodbend Group Head Map
7.82 Woodbend Group Salinity Map
7.83 Winterburn Group Pressure/Elevation Plot
7.84 Winterburn Group Head Map
7.85 Winterburn Group Salinity Map
7.86 Wabamun Group Pressure/Elevation Plot
7.87 Wabamun Group Head Map
7.88 Wabamun Group Salinity Map
7.89 Expulsion Efficiencies from Source Rocks
7.90 Schematic Oil and Gas Migration Pathways
7.91 Trapping Mechanisms

8.1 Map of Production, Woodbend to Wabamun Groups
8.2 Woodbend Group Play Concepts
8.3 Woodbend Group Play Map
8.4 Winterburn Group Play Concepts
8.5 Winterburn Group Play Map
8.6 Hays-Enchant Production Map
8.7 Wabamun (Crossfield) Play Concepts
8.8 Crossfield Production Map
8.9 Wabamun Group Structural Play Concepts
8.10 Wabamun Group Play Map
8.11 Play Fairways

HYDROCARBON POTENTIAL OF THE WOODBEND, WINTERBURN AND WABAMUN GROUPS OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA

LIST OF ENCLOSURES
Scale: 1:350,000

1 Database
2 Topography
3 Woodbend - Winterburn Group Land Map
4 Wabamun Group Land Map
5 Surface Geology Map
6 Basin Evolution Summary
7 Bouguer Gravity
8 Residual Bouguer Gravity
9 Magnetic Anomaly
10 Reduced to Pole Magnetic Anomaly
11 Residual Magnetic Anomalies
12 Structural Framework
13 Structural Cross Sections - 1 and 2
14 Structural Cross Sections - 3 and 4
15 Seismic Montage
16 Top Wabamun Group Depth Map
17 Top Nisku Depth Map
18 Top Leduc Depth Map
19 Top Beaverhill Unit Depth Map
20 Key Well Correlation A-A
21 Key Well Correlation B-B
22 Key Well Correlation C-C
23 Isopach Montage
24 Leduc Reservoir
25 Nisku Reservoir
26 Wabamun Reservoir
27 Pressure - Elevation Plot: Woodbend Group
28 Pressure - Elevation Plot: Winterburn Group
29 Pressure - Elevation Plot: Wabamun Group
30 Winterburn Group Hydrodynamic Montage
31 Summary Distribution of Reservoirs and Hydrocarbon Occurrences
32 Production Map: Woodbend to Wabamun Groups
33 Play Fairways